Do not lower drinking age 18 essay

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Effects of Lead Exposures among Children under 12 Years of age. Abstract Around the World and in the United States, actions have been taken to reduce, control and clean up the volume of Lead so that to prevent Lead-related illnesses among humans. The study seeks to determine the effect of indoor Lead exposure to children under the age of 12 years. This study undertakes a secondary desk-review research methodology to obtain knowledge from previous researches.

The reviewed literature also establishes that children under the age of 6 years exhibited a higher Blood Lead Level BLL compared to those above six years. Therefore children under 6 years are more susceptible to health effects than those above 6 years. Right to Die For the last few decades, the issue of a person's right to choose the time and method of his or her own death has been one of passionate debate in the United States, with emotions running high on both sides of the controversy as the meanings of liberty and freedom of choice, the morality of taking one's own life, the ethics of people involved in such actions, and the laws related to this issue take center stage in the arguments.

Since civilization began, suicide has existed in one form or another, with varying degrees of acceptance, such as the ancient Greeks who held tribunals for elderly people who requested to die, and if approved, were given hemlock and during the first century B. Moreover, "traditional…… [Read More].

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United States There Is No. At no time is any state obligated to comply with the federal guidelines for federal highway fund eligibility or to give up any sovereign rights established by the Tenth Constitutional Amendment. Furthermore, there is no issue of "withholding" or "withdrawing" any federal funds from states that choose not to comply with federal guidelines pertaining to the drinking age eligibility.

Those monies are supplemental to any other federal funds and would not be offered except as an incentive to follow federal recommendations about the minimum drinking age. States do not have to comply if they prefer to lower the drinking age. Reason 3 -- Adults Younger than 21 are not as Responsible as Adults over 21 At the age of 18 or 19, most young people lack the fundamental abilities to make good decisions, especially about things such as taking risks and considering all of the consequences of…… [Read More].

Federalism Throughout American History the Power of. Federalism Throughout American history the power of the federal government in comparison with the states has been continually debated. This is because there is a principal known as the separation of powers. In the Constitution, this is reserving certain areas of authority for the federal and state governments. The problem is that many of these powers can often come into conflict with one another on a regular basis. As the Constitution, will provide some basic guidelines, but it will not address specific areas. To account for this, the courts are relying on individual interpretations and case precedent.

This creates conflicting areas of authority, based upon the general powers that are given to the states and federal government. Bonnie In the case of the federal government, this kind of conflict occurred in with the passage of the National Minimum Drinking Age Act. This law encouraged the states to raise the…… [Read More]. Supreme Court Concurring Dissent South. If this is the idea that we convey here today what is going to stop the imposition of regulations in other areas of the State's social and economic life just because Congress feels that there might be a relationship to highway use or safety.

In the end this is going to allow Congress to effectively be able to regulate almost any area of a State's social, political, or economic life on the theory that use of the interstate transportation system is somehow improved.

Drinking Age Should Not Be Lowered to 18 Essay

The bigger question is whether or not this infringement upon the State's rights, which have been afforded to them by the Constitution, is going to stop with this or are we going to see it spill over into other areas. I feel that setting this precedence is only going to open the door for further abuses and violations of the State's rights as they have been given.

Women's Rights Cases for Gender. The United States Supreme Court ruled in favor of Illinois and argued that the Fourteenth Amendment was designed to protect against race discrimination only…" Gibson, , Background to Muller v. The Court ruled that the Fourteenth Amendment did not include the protection of women's rights. The following depicts Justice Bradley's concurring opinion regarding Bradwell's Man is, or should be, woman's protector and defender. The natural and proper timidity and delicacy which belongs to the female sex evidently unfits it for many of the occupations of civil life.

The constitution of the family organization, which is founded in the divine ordinance, as well in the nature of things, indicates the domestic sphere as that which properly belongs to the domain and functions of womanhood The paramount destiny and mission of woman are to fulfill the noble and benign offices of wife and mother. This is the law…… [Read More]. Export Strategy Expansion of Highest. Full Dialogue Partner status; and 3. The Foreign Minister of Singapore had stated that, India obviously qualifies on all three counts and it will be included in the first EAS.

Substance Abuse in the Military. Drugs and Alcohol Abuse The United States military faces considerable difficulty related to substance abuse amongst its personnel. It is critical to denote that its substance abuse issues pertain to both active personnel on duty, as well as to veterans. Of the myriad issues that the military faces, one is the evolving nature of substance abuse in the 21st century. Whereas such abuse has traditionally focused on alcohol and illegal narcotics, there is a stronger emphasis on the abuse of prescription medication. This abuse, in addition to binge drinking, Institute of Medicine, , p.

Active personnel face situations in which their readiness and ability to engage in combat is impaired by over-consumption of drugs and alcohol, whereas veterans must reckon with decreased quality of life and ability to successfully reintegrate into society because of the same problems. Consequence of War?

Alcohol Tobacco and Marijuana The. Like alcohol, tobacco use is prohibited by minors but permitted by adults. Also like alcohol, tobacco use is detrimental to the health of the user, except even more so. Whereas alcohol consumption generally benign and only acutely harmful when it is overused, tobacco use especially in the form of cigarettes is extremely dangerous for practically all users. This is simply a function of the fact that "typical" use of tobacco entails physical addiction to nicotine, its primary active ingredient.

For this reason, it is very rare for smokers to use tobacco too infrequently to become chronic daily users In contrast, most alcohol users do not partake so often that it compromises their physical health. The dramatic long-term medical consequences of long-term tobacco use are universal as well as predictable; in fact, the medical community is united in the position that tobacco use causes more preventable illness and death than all…… [Read More].

Egyptian Culture The Writer Explores. The children also rent decorated bikes to ride around town on for the holiday. It is a time for families to get together and celebrate with food and music and fellowship. For a lot of families from working neighborhoods, Eid celebration also includes picnics in green areas including parks, zoos, botanical gardens and even green islands on major roads Osama, Like Christians, the Islam followers trace their roots to Abraham and believe in one God who is universal.

The Quran is the final revealed Word of God and provides the complete guide for human behavior. Its text was revealed directly to the prophet Muhammad between and C. Muhammad is revered by Muslims as the last of God's prophets but is not worshipped Ahmad, Framers of U S Constitution Created. Another example is drinking laws are defined by each state, but the federal government passed a law stating they would not provide monies to any state that did not raise their drinking age to twenty-one years of age.

A block grant has different budgetary implications from an entitlement. While both block grants and categorical grants are normally financed by fixed appropriations, entitlement funding is usually open-ended. New Zealand is a fairly liberal nation with homosexual marriage Civil Union being legal and prostitution, soliciting, and brothel keeping being legal. The driving age is 15, the consensual sex age is 16, and the drinking age is 18, though minors accompanied by adults are allowed alcohol in restaurants.

Current News New Zealand has slipped one place to sixth position in the world in the Global Gender Gap report that measures countries, falling behind Ireland. The internationally recognized Global Gender Gap eport 's rankings and scores are produced by the World Economic Forum to quantify the magnitude of gender-based disparities and tracks their progress over time.

The ena, a container ship that has been grounded on a reef for nearly a month, could soon break apart. The vessel has leaked more than tons of fuel oil from its tanks since it ran aground off New Zealand's north…… [Read More]. Ethical and Societal Issues of. The concentration on action and violence draws larger audiences, yet is not effective in selling products Pechmann, Levine, Loughlin, Leslie, The lack of inhibitory controls when combined with the an abundance of violent content leads quickly to replication of viewed acts of violence, especially in pre-adolescents, as verified through research completed Trimpop, udiger, Kerr, Kirkcaldy, Ethically this raises the question of whether the advertisers are more adept at the selling of violent acts than products, as the brains of the audience members they are selling products…… [Read More].

Deviant Behavior Why Is Deviance. On the other hand, this exposure to many different systems of morality can also be confusing, and can make any kind of deviant behavior seem acceptable in a relativistic fashion. Setting standards of deviance and normalcy is a negotiation between the rights of the individual and the needs of the community. Sometimes, the rights of the individual will win out, other times the community's need for harmony will supersede these individual rights.

This negotiation will vary from nation to nation, time to time, and place to place. Elite Deviance. Readings in Deviant…… [Read More].


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Gender Race and Religion on. The referent methods of collecting data are summative to the two key positions of the same sex in the society. Some of the methods used included sampling, interviews, issuance of questionnaires and used of printed or secondary data. Sampling Samples were collected from different members of the society. The samples collected were directed reactions to the issue of the same sex in the society. Most approaches of collection that were used aimed at establishing a common ground and avoiding bias from the concerned members.

The samples were collected from a diverse society. The researchers ensured that the samples came from different members with regard to religion, race, social meanings and avenues, and social classes. Furthermore, the samples were collected from a diverse society in order to ensure that they were a true reflection of the real state of matter in the world as concerns same sex marriage. Interviews Interviews are…… [Read More]. Abortion Throughout History Abortion Has. However, when all said and done the situation is still critical and those having resorted to abortion have a hard time getting over the psychological traumas that they suffer.

Of course, such an experience is difficult to put behind and the best solution for abortion victims should be their subjection to intense psychological discussions in order to get over the shock more easily. It seems that the women that cannot psychologically recover from an abortion describe similar symptoms. Most have reported having nightmares about children, blood, and voices calling them. It is horrible for someone that underwent an abortion to be reminded of the episode, as images immediately spring to their minds making them go into a state of distress.

It is not surprising that consequent to undergoing an abortion, one's self-esteem drops significantly, as women feel that they have been incompetent at performing one of humanity's basic functions-that of…… [Read More]. Scotch Whiskey the Olde Distillerie. The English government levied heavy taxes on Scottish whiskey, while lowering taxes on English gin Beverage Testing Institute, This resulted in a boom in illegal stills across the country.

Many present-day producers have their origins in these illegal operations. In , the Excise Act reduced taxes on Scotch Whiskey to a level where it was once again a viable legal industry Beverage Testing Institute, Scotch whiskey was ingrained in the culture of Scotland. Whether they are malted, blended, or single grain concoctions, they are a part of Scottish history that is slowly becoming adopted by others around the globe.

The whiskey market experiences periods of boom followed by periods of bust.


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The market has not been one…… [Read More]. If rewriting the Missouri DWI laws the following would be recommended, the reasons for each recommendation are provided. The legal limit; A person will be deemed to be intoxicated if they have a blood alcohol content higher than the level allowed. The bill will also include any type of intoxication or undue influence of other substances which impair judgement. There is a clear relationship between higher blood alcohol content and higher road traffic accidents Karakus et al. The implementation of a zero blood alcohol level would be…… [Read More].

Proposal for Unmet Community Need. Geagua County, OH Planning -- The most effective strategy within a community for any public health issue is two-fold: education and focus. To accomplish this at the community level, there needs to be a broad level of focus and support from all levels of the government: local, State and Federal, in order for there to be a consistent and proactive message.

Don't lower the drinking Age Essay

Education should begin at the elementary school level, with teaching talking about substances, abuse and alternatives; and move through the school system as appropriate for the cognitive abilities of various age groups. In this way, the community can collaborate with schools to provide initiatives and programs that address the problem prior to it becoming as endemic, and offer proposed solutions in a way that almost everyone involved knows they can receive help if necessary. The educational process must also be pervasive and accessible -- people need a number to…… [Read More]. Abortion: An Argument in Favor Abortion is one of the most controversial topics of our day as it involves an entanglement of truly pressing issues that people generally feel incredibly passionate about: human life, religion, morality, and the rights of women.

Historically, America has been a nation founded by and run by Caucasian men, which has meant that the bulk of legislation can be and has historically been harsh, unfair and unequal to women and minorities. Women and minorities have had to work harder and fight harder to receive rights that white men don't hesitate in giving themselves. For example, women have had to fight for the right to be reinstated to their jobs after maternity leave, for equal pay, and to fight against federal laws that have made it a crime to use contraceptives or birth control information ACLU, Women have had to fight in certain states to…… [Read More].

The American Prohibition Era. Prohibition is a chapter in the history of the United States where the government implemented a nationwide ban on the consumption and sale of alcohol. Although it seems archaic and nonsensical now since most countries allow alcohol consumption, back then, for thirteen years it was considered illegal to buy, sell, and consume alcohol in the United States. A time of bootleggers and social 'Progressives' the Prohibition Era of the United Sates shocked the nation, revealing how important the need was for people to drink.

It was a time for many to understand alcohol consumption and in retrospective, see what caused the activity to be outlawed in the first place. January 1, saw the start of national Prohibition that became effective via the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The driving…… [Read More]. Tax on Obesity.

You choose real members House Representatives, Republican Democrat. There members House, find interests. A tax on obesity as seen by Republican member of the U. House of Representatives James McGovern Obesity has come to be a significant issue in the United States today, with more and more individuals displaying the malady's symptoms. As a consequence, the authorities have gotten actively involved in trying to control it through installing tougher regulation and by implementing programs meant to educate people with regard to attitudes they should take toward the concept.

While agreeing about the significance of this issue, American politicians seem to have different opinions on the matter -- some believe that the solution stays with tougher legislations while others consider that it all comes down to…… [Read More]. Water Legislation Origins of Environmental.

Water Legislation Origins of Environmental Law in Canada and the United Kingdom Humans have been stewards of the earth since at least the era in which they settled down into semi-permanent and then permanent farms. This does not, of course, mean that our species has been always provided good stewardship of the earth; rather it is the case that when humans ceased to be nomadic and connected themselves to a specific place, they began to make the connection between their own activities and the condition of the land around them.

It was also at this point in human history that humans began to be aware of the issues surrounding their collective use of water. As soon as humans became settled and began to cultivate crops, they also became dependent on a steady supply of water for their crops and animals as well as for the numerous activities for which humans…… [Read More]. Works Cited Crislip, Kathleen. References Ruth Engs.

Alcohol and Youth Issues. Kuhn, C. Alcohol consumption by college undergraduates: Current use and year trends. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 51 5 , References States take innovative steps to curb drunken driving; With the number of accidents rising, they're doing everything from enlisting clergy to sobriety checks. References Griggs, B. Should the U. Lower Its Drinking Age? The Debate on Lowering the Drinking Age.

CBS News. References Brownfield, K. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 32 1 , The American Prospect, 16, 5. Fillmore, M. Alcohol, Cognitive Impairment and Expectancies. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 59 2 , A and Lincoln Q. Walking the Talk? What Employers Say vs. What They Do. American Sociological Review , Works Cited Atwood, T.

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The Consequences of Underage Drinking. And Thom B. Drinking and Alcoholism View Full Essay. References Amethyst Initiative.

Why the Drinking Age Should Be Lowered free essay sample - New York Essays

Amethyst Initiative: Rethinking the drinking age. Alcohol-Use Disorder criteria and "binge" drinking in undergraduates. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 71, Grucza, Richard A. Binge drinking among youths and young adults in the United States: Leppel, Karen.

College binge drinking: Deviant vs. Reference: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. MMWR Department of Health and Human Services. Atlanta: U. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Accessed [March 7, ]. National Cancer Institute. Cigars Health Effects and Trends. Smoking and Tobacco Control Monograph No. Bethesda MD : U. NIH Publication No. Scoring: The PAQ is scored easily by summing the individual items to comprise the subscale scores.

Scores on each subscale range from 10 to Author: Dr. John R. Buri, Department of Psychology, University of St. Thomas, Summit Avenue, St. Paul, MN Source: Buri, J. References Hot topic: Underage teen drinking. Statistics: Underage drinking. Survey says: Teen alcohol use on the rise. Richardson, A. Bibliography 1. Abbe, Winfield. Athens Banner Herald, February Alcoholics Anonymous. Davis, George. Why Crime? Crime Prevention through Community Building, Works Cited "Alcohol. Booth, Brenda M. The mother of all crimes: Human rights, criminalization, and the child born alive.

Hants, England: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. Chudler, E. Alcohol and the brain. Neuroscience for Kids. Alcohol use among pregnant and nonpregnant women of childbearing age - United States, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Center for Disease Control. Retrieved October 27, References Main, C. Underage drinking and the drinking age. Goldberg Ed. McMullen, J. Underage drinking: does current policy make sense?

Works Cited Alias, Michaela. February 2, May 31, August 18, Works Cited , April 28 Alcohol policy and sexually transmitted disease rates -- United States, Business Publishers. Campus Crime, Coren, C. Perspectives on sexual and reproductive health. Chandra, P. Indian Journal of Medical Research. Works cited: 1. Addict -- Atkin CK Effects of media alcohol messages on adolescent audiences.

Adolesc Med -- InfoFacts: Nationwide trends. National Institutes of Health. Bacardi Limited. Gjelten, T. Viking Adult. Hambrick, D. Are you sure you have a strategy? The Academy of Management Executive, 15 4 , Mizrahi, A. Historic Bacardi Building. Urban City Architecture.

Works cited: Seaman, Barrett. Web 23 June Urban Dictionary. Youth Exposure to Alcohol Advertising on Television, Jernigan, David H. The extent of global alcohol marketing and its impact on youth. Contemporary Drug Problems, 37 1 , References Buka, Stephen L. Caprione, Carol Ann.

Opportunities in Food Service Careers. Revised ed. References Advertising Standards Authority Alcohol advertising. Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau Alcohol beverage advertising. Alcohol adverting. Problem behaviors in adolescents. Pediatric Nursing. Jannetti Publications, Inc. Works Cited Broadman, H. Competing for African markets: Strategies to win new business now. Our Business. Responsible drinking programme in Ghana. Diageo top executives call on Ashantehene. References "AH shoes the best pillow when your a drunk teen and can't get up!

References HNS The risks of drinking too much. Works Cited Brennecke, Shari J. Chachere, Vickie. November 01, In the United States the drinking law is set to the age twenty one. Many young Americans are caught drinking under the age everyday. At the age of eighteen you are supposed to be considered an adult, you can go to war and die for your country, you can vote, you can buy cigarettes, but you can't buy alcohol Strong Essays words 1.

They can join the army, vote, buy cigarettes or tobacco products, get a tattoo and even die for our country. Although everyone considers that person to be an adult, they are still not old enough to buy or consume alcohol. A person can be responsible enough to live on their own, make their own money, pay their own bills, and yet they are still not considered old enough to purchase or consume any type of alcohol.

Lowering the drinking age to 18 would help prevent the crime and personal injuries that are caused by alcohol abuse Strong Essays words 4. The New York Times. Steinberg points out the importance of why it might be more beneficial to the United States to lower the current drinking age. He debunked the common belief of underage drinking being linked to highway accidents, he explains instead of raising the drink age maybe we just raise the driving age to Strong Essays words 3.

The simple answer; you cant make those important life changing decisions when your at that age or, Congress had constantly made many mistakes representing what an adult should be for years. How is someone mature enough to decide wither they would be willing to die for their country but still not be capable of handling the decision of if they can decide wither or not to drink alcohol like an adult does.

Strong Essays words 5. If it were not for the lack of education of alcohol abuse, many of the accidents could be prevented. The U. In our society we see many young teenagers that begin to drink at an early age of They want to experience it without knowing the health risk factors that are associated with alcohol. There are many problems occurring because of alcohol abuse. In America the misuse of alcohol causes many teenagers to experience alcohol poisoning, alcohol dependency in the long run, and accidents The current policy that the United States has in effect criminalizes youth who consume alcohol at less than twenty one years of age.

A new study suggests that binge drinking is on the rise among college students Eisenberg n. With an increase of alcohol consumption by underage drinkers, it only seems logical to lower the drinking age to prevent binge drinking, however there are far more consequences to be seen. Lowering the drinking age to 18 will not solve the binge drinking problem among college students but will cause more problems