- Life and death in Palestine
- The Arab-Israeli conflict in 10 points
- Jewish ideology and views on the Palestinian nation
- Guide: Why are Israel and the Palestinians fighting over Gaza? - CBBC Newsround
In contrast, full-fledged national movements like that of the Palestinians tend not to dissolve overnight. It is difficult to extinguish a national identity, which is as much an idea as an organization. There is no clear way to gauge when a national identity is insolvent, but even if there were, it does not appear that Palestinians are prepared to declare their national project dead. A December poll of Palestinians found 74 percent of respondents would support rejecting a Trump administration proposal that most believe will deny Palestinian national rights.
Second, the concept of "limited liability," which makes commercial bankruptcy attractive to individual leaders, does not necessarily apply to national leaders. Bankruptcy is never a satisfying outcome for businessmen, but part of what makes it tolerable is that their personal assets are not put in jeopardy.
A failed business, though embarrassing, does not always spell the ruin of its owners. The separation of business and personal assets means that the owner of a bankrupt business can sometimes walk away with a healthy bank account and all of their prized possessions, including homes and cars. In the international arena, the stakes are much greater. A leader of a national movement who fails to meet the expectations of even a small portion of his or her constituents can pay the ultimate price.
Both Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin were assassinated by their fellow countrymen because, in the eyes of their assassins, they compromised the national patrimony. For Abbas, succumbing to U.
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It could also open the door to even more severe threats to his personal safety and that of his family. Third, national movements, unlike private businessmen, neither get to start again after declaring bankruptcy nor are their assets inherently interchangeable.
Life and death in Palestine
In the business world, there is nothing to prevent the owners of a bankrupt company from launching a new business, even in the same field in which they failed. And, while it is never easy to rebuild, one real estate empire can be replaced by another. The value of even the most prized building can always be replaced by another building, or a collection of buildings. Failure is not final in business. The implications of bankruptcy for a national movement are starkly different. Once one has surrendered its national claims, there is no reset button for the nation or for national leaders. Likewise, there is not enough investment money in the world to compensate Palestinians for a capital in Jerusalem, a city that is core to the identity of both Palestinians and Muslims the world over.
The Arab-Israeli conflict in 10 points
The forfeiture of certain claims would be death for the Palestinian national movement, and neither the Palestinian people nor their leaders can easily forge a new identity somewhere else. In about B. Around B. In B.
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- Israel-Palestine: the real reason there’s still no peace | World news | The Guardian.
For the next several centuries, the land of modern-day Israel was conquered and ruled by various groups, including the Persians, Greeks , Romans , Arabs, Fatimids, Seljuk Turks, Crusaders , Egyptians, Mamelukes, Islamists and others. In , at the height of the war, British Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour submitted a letter of intent supporting the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine. The British government hoped that the formal declaration—known thereafter as the Balfour Declaration —would encourage support for the Allies in World War I.
Arabs vehemently opposed the Balfour Declaration, concerned that a Jewish homeland would mean the subjugation of Arab Palestinians. The complex hostility between the two groups dates all the way back to ancient times when they both populated the area and deemed it holy. Both Jews and Muslims consider the city of Jerusalem sacred. In the late 19th and early 20th century, an organized religious and political movement known as Zionism emerged among Jews.
Jewish ideology and views on the Palestinian nation
Zionists wanted to reestablish a Jewish homeland in Palestine. Massive numbers of Jews immigrated to the ancient holy land and built settlements.
Between and , about 35, Jews relocated to Palestine. Another 40, settled in the area between and Many Jews living in Europe and elsewhere, fearing persecution during the Nazi reign, found refuge in Palestine and embraced Zionism. Arabs in Palestine resisted the Zionism movement, and tensions between the two groups continue.
An Arab nationalist movement developed as a result.
Guide: Why are Israel and the Palestinians fighting over Gaza? - CBBC Newsround
The United Nations approved a plan to partition Palestine into a Jewish and Arab state in , but the Arabs rejected it. In May , Israel was officially declared an independent state with David Ben-Gurion , the head of the Jewish Agency, as the prime minister. While this historic event seemed to be a victory for Jews, it also marked the beginning of more violence with the Arabs. Following the announcement of an independent Israel, five Arab nations—Egypt, Jordan, Iraq, Syria , and Lebanon—immediately invaded the region in what became known as the Arab-Israeli War.
Civil war broke out throughout all of Israel, but a cease-fire agreement was reached in As part of the temporary armistice agreement, the West Bank became part of Jordan, and the Gaza Strip became Egyptian territory. Numerous wars and acts of violence between Arabs and Jews have ensued since the Arab-Israeli War.
Some of these include:. Clashes between Israelis and Palestinians are still commonplace. Key territories of land are divided, but some are claimed by both groups. For instance, they both cite Jerusalem as their capital. Both groups blame each other for terror attacks that kill civilians.
Several countries have pushed for more peace agreements in recent years. Many have suggested a two-state solution but acknowledge that Israelis and Palestinians are unlikely to settle on borders. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has supported the two-state solution but has felt pressure to change his stance. Netanyahu has also been accused of encouraging Jewish settlements in Palestinian areas while still backing a two-state solution.
In a visit to Israel in May , U. President Donald Trump urged Netanyahu to embrace peace agreements with Palestinians. While Israel has been plagued by unpredictable war and violence in the past, many national leaders and citizens are hoping for a secure, stable nation in the future. Creation of Israel, Office of the Historian, U. Department of State. Israel: The World Factbook: U. Central Intelligence Agency. Palestine: Growing Recognition: Al Jazeera. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us!